Town History of Murray Bridge
The first European into the area was Captain Charles Sturt (after the area was first inhabited by the Ngarrindjeri Aborigines) who, being assigned to solve the great mystery of why so many rivers flowed westward from the Great Dividing Range (it was often asked whether Australia had an 'inland sea') rowed a whale boat down the Murrumbidgee in late 1829 and reached the junction with the Murray River on 14 January 1830. He continued down Australia's largest river passing Murray Bridge in early February and reaching Lake Alexandrina, at the mouth of the river, on 9 February, 1830.
From this point onwards there was always the thought that the Murray River could be used for transportation and access to the western areas of New South Wales and Queensland. However, it wasn't until the formal establishment of Goolwa as the port at the mouth of the Murray in the 1850s that this became a reality.
The completion of a road bridge over the Murray River (in 1879) brought on the establishment of Murray Bridge (and is how the town got its name, read below). The Adelaide to Melbourne railway line, which followed (in 1886), guaranteed the town's importance as a vital link across the river.
The town, which was laid out in 1883, was called Mobilong. Its land was sold in Adelaide (in 1884) under the advertisement 'Murray traders, woolwashers, builders and all men of enterprise. Give heed to what is now offered to you'. Later it was known as Edwards Crossing but became Murray Bridge when a new railway bridge was constructed across the Murray River (in 1924).
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Murray Bridge Tourism Information Section by Adelaide Hills On-Line.
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